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This was a cross sectional study assessing factors affecting school feeding program in Kibera, Nairobi.  The study looked into the benefits of school feeding programs, the challenges facing their sustainability and strategic ways of overcoming the challenges. This study was guided by Feeding Impact Theory, the School Food Educational Benefit conceptual framework, and cultural deprivation and compensatory Theory.

The study comprised of 200 respondents randomly sampled across 3 villages in Kibera where WFP supports the school feeding program. Purposive sampling was used to select key informants and focus group discussants during the study. Quantitative data was collected through surveys while qualitative data were collected through key informant interviews and focus group discussions. The findings indicate that school feeding program has a multiple benefits across nutritional, health, increased enrolment, retention of children at school, and overall performance in class. Financial challenge is a major threat to sustainability of the school feeding program within the slums. The study concludes that sustaining the school feeding program cannot be achieved without proper government policies on partnerships and the input of stakeholders in the whole process.

The study recommends that WFP should train the transitioning team that comprises the government agents and local community on sustainable resource mobilization , utilization, accountability and opportunity strengthening in resource-constrained environments as transition to full HGSFP continues. Moreover, there should be a study on participatory community engagement as a mechanism of sustaining School Feeding Programme in Kibera.