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INSTITUTIONAL RESPONSES TO HIV AND AIDS PANDEMIC: A CASE STUDY OF KABETE TECHNICAL TRAINING INSTITUTE IN NAIROBI
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ABSTRACT

This study assessed Nairobi’sKabeteTechnical Training Institute’s response to HIV / AIDS pandemic within the institution. The study looked into the magnitude, policies and programs, impact  and challenges facing the institution as the administration and the entire middle-level college community endeavor to manage HIV/AIDS epidemic.

The study was guided by the following questions:

  1. What is the magnitude of the problem of HIV/AIDS in the institution?
  2. What policies and programs (interventions) are in place to deal with the problem of HIV/AIDS in the institution?
  3. What is the impact of the current policiesand programs in the management of HIV/AIDS in the institution?
  4. What are the challenges facing the institution in management of HIV/AIDS and how has the institution responded?

The study was both quantitative and qualitative reliedon primary and secondary data that was collected during the research. The research was conducted in December 2011 through interviews among the students, teachers, support staff ,as well as administrators,the Ministry of Education officials, NASCOP and NACC.Primary data was collected using both qualitative and quantitative methods. Qualitative data was collected from key informants while quantitative data was collected from the teachers, staff and the students. The quantitative data was analyzed using digital spreadsheets and presented in form of tables, charts and histogram. The data was interpreted and report written. The qualitative data was merged and summarized then used in the report as complementary notes for the quantitative data.

The study found out that HIV/AIDS was prevalent atKabete Technical Training Institute though the question of prevalence could not be addressed fully due to confidentiality and lack of proper records. The study found that though K.T.T.I. had no institutional policy, it borrowed  from MOE policy guidelines on HIV/AIDS and also responded to HIV and AIDS through various programs including condom distribution, VCT, counseling, care and support for the affected, and education and awareness campaigns.The research found out that these programs faced different challenges, such as lack of systems for monitoring and evaluating HIV/AIDS programs in the institution. A number of students not going for HIV/AIDS testing for fear of stigmatization or the results;someteachers prefer to take the tests outside college and some of the support staff do not undergo the medical test at all. The cost for running the institutional programs was also high.

Following the study findings, the study made some recommendations intended to enhance the institutional responses to HIV/AIDS. These include the need for institutional surveillance method to assess the magnitude of the pandemic. There is need for capacity building of education managers and teachers so as to facilitate full implementation of the policy. Therefore the government through the Ministry of Education should assist the  institute with finances and aswell as authority to collaborate with NGOs to raise funds for the activities.

Other recommendations include the need to train teachers on HIV/AIDS so that they will be more equipped to teach the HIV/AIDS curriculum, and the formulation of an institutional policy on HIV/AIDS touching on handling of the HIV/AIDS patients and the orphans. A VCT center with trained personnel needs to be set up at the institution to encourage continuous voluntary counseling and testing for the students and staff. The Ministry of Education needs to make HIV/AIDS an integral part of the core curriculum as well as examinable by the Kenya National Examination Council.

The study also suggestedfurther research to examine why some teachers, students and support staff prefer to go for HIV/AIDS testing out of the institution even though they have testing facilities available. Research is also needed on societal structures, beliefs and value systems that present obstacles to effective HIV/AIDS prevention efforts or slow the response to HIV/AIDS. In addition further studies are recommended on setting up work place policy on HIV/AIDS in Technical Training Institutions.

http://erepository.uonbi.ac.ke/handle/11295/9218